Abrasion resistance

The abrasion resistance refers to the resistance of suction cups.

Absolute pressure

In an absolute vacuum there is a pressure of 0 bar.

Air-saving function

Air-saving function refers to the ejector's air-saving function during the handling procedure.

Aluminium crane

Aluminum cranes facilitate the ergonomic movement of heavy loads thanks to their lightweight construction and modularity.

Ambient pressure (atmospheric pressure)

Ambient pressure refers to the hydrostatic pressure that exists at any given point.

Atmospheric pressure

See ambient pressure

Automation Technology

In automation technology, individual machines or entire plants carry out processes largely independently.

Bag Lifter

Bag lifters make it easier to handle heavy and awkward bags.

Bellows Suction Cups

Bellows suction cups are suction cups with one or more folds.

Bellows-type Suction Cup

Faltenbalgsauger sind Vakuumsauger mit einem oder mehreren Balg. Aufgrund des Balgs ermöglichen Sie eine besonders schonende Handhabung des Werkstücks.

Bernoulli's principle

Bernoulli's principle describes the drop in pressure of a fluid

Bridge Crane

The space-saving, smooth-running overhead crane is rail-supported and can be integrated into existing roof structures.

Centralized vacuum system

In a centralized vacuum system, the vacuum is generated with a central vacuum source for more than one suction cups.

Check valve

The check valve is the valve that automatically monitors volume flow.

Clamping Device

Clamping devices are used to fix workpieces made of wood, metal, plastic or glass on the machine for safe machining of the workpiece. They form the connecting piece between the machine and the workpiece.

Control pressure range

The control pressure range is the range between the lowest and highest permissible control pressures.

Cycle time

The cycle time refers to the time taken for a repetitive process to complete one cycle.

Decentralized vacuum system

In a decentralized vacuum system, a vacuum is generated directly at each individual vacuum suction cup.

Eco Nozzle Technology

The eco nozzle technology is based on a multi-stage venturi principle.

Evacuation time

The evacuation time refers to the time it takes to evacuate a certain volume to reach a required vacuum value.

Flat Suction Cup

Flat vacuums are vacuums in a flat design, with a small internal volume.

Flow resistance

Flow resistance refers to a reduced flow cross-section in a vacuum line.

Friction coefficient

The friction coefficient [μ] refers to the relationship between friction force and normal force (contact force between suction cup and workpiece).

Generate Vacuum Yourself

An overview of the various vacuum generation options.


The grippers from Schmalz facilitate in-house processes in both manual and automated handling.

Gripping Systems

Gripping systems from Schmalz are used in automated handling processes in different industries, such as packaging, wood or intralogistics.

Handling Systems

Handling systems are used in manual and automated processes of all industries

Handling Technology

Handling technology moves workpieces in automated or manual processes.

High vacuum

A high vacuum describes any vacuum in which there is an absolute pressure of 10-7 to 10-3 mbar.

Holding force

Holding force refers to the force that can be exerted by a suction cup to grip a workpiece.


Hysteresis refers to a pressure difference between two switching points, and thus defines the state of the output signal.


IO-Link is a communication system

Idle Position

See NC-/NO- valve

Idle position of NC valve

The idle position of an NC valve refers to the position of the valve when it is not actuated, i.e. “closed” (normally closed).

Idle position of NO valve

The idle position of an NO valve refers to the position of the valve when it is not actuated, i.e. “open” (normally open).

Inner volume

The inner volume indicates the volume of the body that has to be evacuated during a suction procedure.

K1 vacuum clamping blocks

K1 vacuum pods are used on console systems with a single vacuum circuit.


Leakage refers to a leak within the vacuum system.

Load case

Load case refers to the handling task, or the process of handling a workpiece.

Low vacuum

A low vacuum describes any vacuum in which there is an absolute pressure of 1 mbar up to atmospheric pressure (1,013 mbar).

Material Handling Equipment

Heavy loads can be handled efficiently and ergonomically with the material handling equipments from Schmalz.

Medium vacuum

A medium vacuum describes any vacuum in which there is an absolute pressure between 0.001 mbar and 1 mbar.

NFC technology

NFC technology enables contactless communication

NPN – Switching output

NPN switching output refers to the configuration of a switching output.

Nominal flow

Nominal flow refers to the maximum flow through a certain diameter (nominal diameter). The nominal flow is given in l/min or m³/h.

Normal force

Normal force is the force component acting perpendicular to a surface. Every force acting on a surface can be divided into normal force and shear force (see “Shear force”).

Operating temperature

The operating temperature is a temperature range.

Overpressure resistance

Overpressure resistance refers to the maximum pressure that a body can resist.

PNP Switching output

PNP switching output refers to the configuration of a switching output.


End-of-Arm-Tooling for palletizing and depalletizing

Radius of curvature, minimum

The minimum radius of curvature refers to the smallest radius that a suction cup can securely grip.

Recovery time

The recovery time is the period in which the product is not being used.

Reference pressure

Reference pressure is the pressure referred to by a sensor.

Relative pressure

Relative pressure refers to the value of pressure in relation to the prevalent ambient pressure.

Reversing valve

A reversing valve is a type of changeover valve used in a blower.

Shear force

Shear force is the force acting tangentially to a surface.

Shore hardness

Shore hardness refers to the hardness of elastomers and plastics.

Small Vacuum Pump

Small vacuum pumps are characterized by their compact design and high vacuum.

Standard liter

A standard liter is the measurement of a gas occupying a liter at 20 °C and 1,013 mbar (standard state).

Standard pressure

Standard pressure is the pressure in the atmosphere under standard conditions.

Standard temperature

Standard temperature is the temperature under standard conditions.

Suction Cup

Suction cups form the interface to the workpiece.

Suction Pad

Suction cups grip the workpiece in a handling system.

Suction cup stroke

The suction cup stroke refers to the stroke effect that is created by the suction cup.

Suction force

See Holding force

Suction power

See suction rate

Suction rate

Suction rate refers to the suction power of a vacuum generator.

Switching point

The switching point refers to a point at which a switch changes the state of the output signal.

Tube Lifter

Tube lifters are used to grip, move and then set down workpieces in intralogistics and other handling processes.


A vacuum is a pressure range lower than that of the ambient pressure.

Vacuum Clamping

Vacuum clamping devices are used in CNC machines. By means of vacuum, the workpieces are securely fixed to the clamping systems.

Vacuum Clamping Technology

Clamp workpieces made of wood, metal or glass with vacuum clamping technology and further process them with a CNC machine.

Vacuum Filter

Vacuum filters are used in vacuum systems to protect the individual components from contamination.

Vacuum Gripper

Vacuum grippers are the direct point of contact with the workpiece. They have been specially developed for various applications.

Vacuum Handling

With vacuum handling, workpieces can be moved automatically or manually with ease.

Vacuum Lifter

Vakuum lifters relieve workers from the weight of a workpiece

Vacuum Lifter Cardboard Box

Effortlessly lift and move cartons/boxes in high cycle rates with the carton handling vacuum lifters.

Vacuum Lifter Concrete Slabs

Ergonomic and productive handling of heavy and large-area concrete slabs with the Schmalz vacuum lifters concrete slabs.

Vacuum Lifter Glass

Safe and low-pressure glass handling with the vacuum lifters for glass. They enable ergonomic movement of heavy glass components.

Vacuum Lifter Manufacturer

In the Handling business segment, Schmalz offers innovative handling solutions for industry and trade with vacuum lifters and crane systems.

Vacuum Lifter Natural Stone

Ergonomic and efficient lifting and moving of heavy and awkward natural stones with the vacuum lifters natural stones.

Vacuum Lifter Plates

Effortless handling of a wide variety of plates with vacuum lifters. They enable lifting and moving of heavy loads in a way that is gentle on health.

Vacuum Lifter Raw Rubber Bales

Easy, effortless and efficient handling of heavy and bulky raw rubber bales with Schmalz vacuum tube lifters.

Vacuum Lifter Stone Slab

Ergonomic and efficient lifting and moving of heavy and awkward natural stones with the vacuum lifters natural stones.

Vacuum Lifter Wood

Effortless handling of suction-tight wood with vacuum lifters. They allow you to move heavy loads without harming your health.

Vacuum Lifter for Sacks and Bagged Goods

Lift and move sacks/bagged goods effortlessly with the vacuum lifters. They allow ergonomic movement of compact bags.

Vacuum Lifter for Sheet Metal

Handle heavy and awkward sheets easily with the vacuum lifters for sheet handling.

Vacuum Pump

Vacuum pumps are used to generate a high negative pressure (vacuum).

Vacuum Switch

Vacuum switches ensure the operation of a vacuum circuit.

Vacuum Systems

The vacuum technology offers many efficient solutions in automation, clamping and handling applications.

Ventilation time

The ventilation time refers to the time it takes to dissipate vacuum in a system.

Venturi Pump

Venturi pumps work on the venturi principle and help to generate a vacuum pneumatically.

Venturi principle

The Venturi principle describes the correlation between dynamic and static air pressure when air flows through a tube.

Volume flow

Volume flow refers to the volume of a medium.

Workpiece temperature

The workpiece temperature is the temperature of a processed workpiece.